True part of the world, the eastern region of Senegal is certainly the richest in surprises and the country’s scenery; the borders of Mali and Guinea Conakry are nearby. It is a region very little urbanized, Africa as we can dream. Improving the road network has made it an easier access destination. It is the only hilly region of Senegal with significant peaks of temperature between March and May.
1. the park of NIOKOLO KOBA
Inscribed as a World Heritage Site and International Biosphere Reserve, ultimate sanctuary of Senegalese fauna (80 species of mammals, including lions, leopards and some elephants, antelopes, monkeys, warthogs, baboons, buffaloes, as well as hippopotamus and crocodiles in streams) and covering an area of more than 900,000 hectares, Niokolo-Koba Park offers a rich and varied landscape, where are concentrated almost all plant and animal species of savannah from West Africa.
Some small hills, including the Assirik (311 m), overlooking the rivers, the Gambia and its two tributaries, Niokolo-Koba and Koulountou, where animals drink. The vegetation is varied: dry savannah, forest along streams, lakes and swamps.
Recommended visit period: between December and May, for a better observation of the fauna.
At the southeastern tip of Senegal, at the foot of the Guinean Fouta – Djalon, the terrain is more rugged, wilder and the landscape dotted with villages sometimes isolated, located on steep hills: it is the domain of Bassaris and Bediks, two of the most fiercely attached peoples to their traditional way of life throughout West Africa.
Main attraction points: The visit to the Bassaris and Bediks in their villages (Etiolo, Ebarak, Koté, Mako …) and their initiation festivities which punctuate the changes of age classes (dances, ceremonies, struggles …) April to June – the falls of Dindefelo, in an exceptional landscape, wild and mountainous.
3. SARAYA and the edges of FALEME
The far east of Senegal is a small piece of Mali. Very little visited, this area is however rich of its men and its traditions. The Senegalese-Malian border is materialized for nearly 300 km by the Famélé River, the world of miners. This region is also famous for its many hunting areas (Goumbeyel, Goudiry, Saraya).