Kingdom of nomadism, where pottery from North Africa and gold from Sudan passed through.
from hand to hand, a land of exchanges criss-crossed for centuries by the great caravans that came to trade the salt of the desert for the millet of the savannah,We invite you to discover this Western Sahara where the landscapes are sumptuous but where the human presence is more important than in the central Sahara.
You have to travel through this country to understand this people and what it means to cling to this land so beautiful but so arid. We will do it as a discovery in a 4×4 or camel ride that will leave you with memories of nights under the stars, but also of refreshing springs and green oases.
In the same years, Théodore Monod, who travelled in the Adrar region in the 1930s, enabled the country to gain visibility through the broadcasting of the film The Old Man and the Desert on French television. Trailblazer Guides published a book with many Mauritanian routes2.
In the early 2000s, the construction of a road between Nouadhibou and Nouakchott was completed, becoming the first road to cross the Sahara from north to south3 and the introduction of low-cost flights by the company Point-Afrique between France and Atar, a town in Mauritania, helped to really launch the tourism market in the country4.
The country has many tourist sites especially in the region of Adrar, we can mention the cities of Aoudaghost, Chinguetti, Koumbi Saleh, Ksar El Barka, Ouadane, Oualata, Tichitt. There is also the structure of Richat near Ouadane, the oasis of Tergit or the medieval ruins of Ksar El Barka.
The city of Chinguetti is located 86 km from Atar, 128 km from Ouadane. Considered the 7th holy city of Islam, Chinguetti was a religious centre and known for its Koranic schools. The city also played an important commercial role during the camel trade era. The city’s influence extended beyond the borders of present-day Mauritania, and the schools were known as far as the East. Mauritania was even known at one time as the “Bilad Chenguetti”, meaning the land of Chenguetti, and had its heyday during the 17th and 18th centuries.
Ouadane, or the town with two wadis, is an ancient settlement dating back to 1140. In the following centuries, the town flourished in trade with Timbuktu, and was known for its palm groves, mosques and library. In the 17th century, the city was visited by the Portuguese, who established trade links there when the city was at its height. However, the decline came when European maritime trade developed.
UNESCO classifies the site as part of the World Heritage of Humanity. Perched on steep rocks, the city evokes the glorious past of the Sahara. Inside the city, sites such as the old mosque, the palm plantation, the old town, the Richat structure, the meteorite studied by Theodore Monod, El Beyedh or the fort of El Ghallaouya.
Tichitt is an isolated but historic town, located 230 km east of Tidjikdja and 490 km from Nema. The history of the town dates back to the 12th century, which also took advantage of the trade in the Sahara to develop. The town is known for its 700 year old library and mosque. Glass from Venice was found there in the form of beads, a witness to medieval trade. The medieval trade facilities are classified as part of the World Heritage of Humanity.
What we like about this tour…
The discovery of Nouakchott, the southern Adrar and its oases, the erg Amatlich, the holy cities of Chinguetti and Ouadane, the…